Health Benefits of Peanuts

peanutsPeanut is one food that is quite common all over the world. It is a legume grown as food in many parts of the world. In fact, peanuts is a plant that has been processed into different types of products that have become common inside supermarkets and store shelves. Who would have known that such seemingly lowly legume would become quite a popular and common food that provides a wealth of health benefits.

High in Protein

The benefits of peanuts primarily comes from its high protein content. A cup or roasted peanuts contains roughly about 30 grams of protein. They can be the plant nutritional equivalent of meat and eggs. Aside from that, peanuts also contain monounsaturated fats, also known as the healthy form of fat. About half of the fat content in peanuts are monounsaturated fats while a third are polyunsaturated fats. Saturated fats only account a fifth of the total fat content of peanuts.

Niacin

Peanuts are also considered as a healthy source of niacin. Niacin, more commonly known as vitamin B3 is an essential nutrient that may help in trying to raise the HDL or "good" cholesterol levels in the body. Niacin also contributes to brain health, circulation as well as more efficient blood flow.

Antioxidants

Peanuts are also known for being a rich source for antioxidants. Antioxidants are naturally occurring substances that help protect the body from harmful free radicals. Free radicals are volatile chemicals in the body that may have a role in speeding up the hardening of the arteries.

Studies have shown that peanut contains high concentrations of antioxidant polyphenols which may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer. Roasting them has been found to raise the antioxidant content to as much as 22 percent. Peanuts are also rich in vitamin E which is another known antioxidant which can aid in keeping the skin healthy.

Reservatrol

Peanuts are also known to be rich in reservatrol. This chemical has been largely studied to have anti aging effects in the body as well as aid in trying to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease as well as cancer.

Studies in mice have also shown that high doses of reservatrol given to mice during endurance exercise tests showed that the mice had more energy charged muscles as well as a lower heart rate, a condition that can be compared to trained athletes. Mice given reservatrol were able to run twice as far as those mice that were not treated.